Forests protect the earth’s delicate ecological balance and are remarkable carbon sinks. Wildfires, that consume forests, have been occurring on Earth since ages, but of late the frequency and amplitude of these occurrences have drastically increased. The wildfires in California have burned more than 4M acres (1.6 million hectares) in 2020. According to a report, this year, as of October 1, 2020, over 44,000 wildfires have burned nearly 7.7 million acres in the US. Also, the Amazonian wildfires of 2019 cannot be forgotten.
Forest fire is, therefore, one of the important and prevalent types of disasters that need to be addressed as soon as possible. These events not only contribute to air pollution but also cause a great imbalance disturbing the biodiversity, the ecology, and the environment of a region.